Yoga Mudra: Types, Methods and Benefits

Yoga mudras have long been known to promote health and longevity. Here are the top 5 yoga mudra types, methods and benefits.

When people think of yoga, they think of poses and breathing exercises. Yoga Mudra is less well known. Mudra in Sanskrit means ‘gesture’. Yoga mudras involve hand movements. These hand movements have many benefits.

A yoga mudra?

Yoga mudras have long been known to promote health and longevity. There are 5 yoga mudras. Each yoga mudra is associated with one of your five fingers. They represent five elements:

  • The thumb represents fire.
  • Vayu (index finger) represents air
  • Spatial (Akash) middle finger
  • Earthly (prithvi) ring finger
  • Little finger water (Jal).

Top 5 Types of Yoga Mudras

Let’s explore the types, methods and benefits of the top 5 yoga mudras of Mudras:

1. Yoga Mudra for the Mind: Wisdom or Enlightenment

Gyan Mudra – What?

One of the most popular mudras is Gyan. Gnanam (Jnana) in Sanskrit is the same as Jnana Mudra. Pranayama is used in yoga and is believed to bring spiritual enlightenment.

gyan Mudra Instructions

  • Padmasana corresponds to Gyan Mudra. If Padmasana is too difficult, try this yoga mudra in Sukasana.
  • Sit with your back straight.
  • Straighten your neck effortlessly.
  • Spread your hands on your knees.
  • Your thumb and index finger should touch.
  • Use gentle pressure, not force.
  • Close your eyes, relax and focus on your breathing.
  • Benefits of Kyan Mudra
  • Gyan Mudra is a popular meditation mudra. Among its advantages:
  • It calms the seal body.
  • It reduces stress and increases focus and concentration.
  • Improves brain and nervous system
  • Great for spiritual awakening
  • Kyan Mudra duration
  • Practice Kyan Mudra daily for 30 minutes. Chanting “Om” early in the morning works best.

2. Yoga Mudra for Weight Loss: Surya

What is Surya Mudra?

Surya Mudra is Prithvi Shamak Mudra. Surya Mudra is one of the best weight loss mudras because it reduces the earth in the body of the mudras.

Surya mudra is done

  • The ring finger is earth, the thumb is fire. So, to create Surya Mudra,
  • Fold your ring finger and press with your thumb.
  • Sit in Sukhasana or Padmasana.
  • Place your palms on your knees and face the sky.
  • This mudra can be done standing or walking. It works best if you sit comfortably with your back straight.
  • Weight loss with Surya Mudra
  • Surya Mudra reduces the earth element in the mudra’s body and reduces density. This mudra increases fire and improves digestion. Lowered cholesterol helps in weight loss.
  • Other Surya Mudra Benefits
  • Like all hand mudras the Surya Mudra has many benefits. This includes:
  • Improves appetite
  • Improves vision
  • The fire element adds warmth to cold hands and feet.
  • Increasing Pitta helps to overcome Kapha Dosha.
  • Energizes and wakes you up.
  • Period of sun seal
  • Practice Surya Mudra daily for 30 minutes. Early morning is best.
  • Cautions for Surya Mudra
  • Surya Mudra requires caution. This includes:
  • Increase moderate weight and body density when needed.
  • Surya mudra, pitta karak and kapha nashak should be done with caution by pitta aggressors.

3. Life Energy Yoga Mudra Prana Mudra

Prana Mudra?

Its health and wellness benefits make this yoga mudra one of the best mudras. Prana mudra provides vitality and energy. Earth and water elements of the body are enhanced by this yoga mudra. It reduces body fire. Therefore, the prana mudra is kapha karak and pitta nashak.

Prana Mudra Instructions

  • Mudras Join your ring and little fingers with your thumb to form Prana Mudra.
  • Benefits of Prana Mudra
  • Benefit wise, Prana Mudra is wonderful. Prana Mudra helps in:
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • high blood pressure
  • General weakness
  • Low immunity
  • Acidity and ulcers
  • Vision health problems
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Joint Pain
  • Inflammatory problems
  • Lack of water and earth elements can cause other health problems.
  • Period of prana mudra
  • Practice prana mudra daily for 30-45 minutes. This mudra mudra works best in the morning. If you can’t do 30 to 45 minutes straight, start with 10 to 12 minutes three times a day or 15 minutes twice a day. The training time can be gradually increased.

4. Yoga Mudra for Pain Relief: Vayu

Vayu Mudra?

Vayu Shamakh Mudra regulates the air organs of the body. Air balance in your body can provide amazing health benefits.

Vayu Mudra Instructions

  • From index finger to palm
  • Thumb across index finger
  • Lightly press the folded thumb against the bent index finger.
  • The other three fingers are straight but not tight
  • Benefits of gas sealing
  • Advantages of gas seal:
  • This mudra balances the air in the body.
  • It helps in joint pains like gout, gout, sciatica and rheumatism.
  • Vayu Mudra (Vaira Pose) in Vajrasana helps digestion and relaxes after a heavy meal.
  • Length of Vayu Mudra
  • Practice this mudra daily for 10-12 minutes to relieve body pain. Increasing the duration may help with chronic diseases, but it is best to consult a yoga expert.
  • Warnings for gas seal
  • Vayu Mudra should be used sparingly and stopped when symptoms of pain or chronic illness subside.

5. Yoga Mudra for Beauty Varuna

What is Varun Mudra?

Jal Vardak Mudra or Varun Mudra increases body water. This is a simple mudra with great health benefits.

Varun Mudra Instructions

  • Touch your little finger to your thumb.
  • Keep the seals and the other three fingers straight and relaxed.
  • Apply some pressure and avoid
  • Varun Brand Benefits
  • Water is essential for health. A gas seal is beneficial if your body is low on water.
  • Thus, Vayu Mudra helps-
  • Dehydration
  • Muscle cramps
  • Skin dryness and lack of moisture
  • Dry eyes, throat or mouth
  • Less urination
  • Tongue diseases or disorders
  • Indigestion, constipation
  • Other health problems or disorders caused by excess vata dosha
  • Varun mudra period
  • Varun mudra mudra is best done in the morning for 20-30 minutes.
  • Varun Mudra Warnings
  • Limit Varun Mudra to Kapha and Pitta.


Remember that yoga mudras, while healing, must be done correctly and at the right time for the mudras. In case of confusion, especially if there are chronic diseases, consult a yoga expert and do yoga mudra under supervision.

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